How to Make Liniment?

How to Make Liniment

Liniments are liquid or semi-liquid preparations meant for application to the skin. The liniments are usually applied to the skin with friction and rubbing of the skin (on the affected area). 

• The liniment may be an alcoholic or oily solution or emulsion.


• In alcoholic preparation, alcohol helps in the penetration of medicament to the skin and also increases its counter-irritant effect and rubefacient action. 

• In oily liniments, arachis oil is commonly used which spreads more easily on the skin. 

• Some lubricants may contain soap which helps in the easy application of liniment on the skin. 

• Liniment should not be applied on broken skin because it may cause excessive irritation.


• Liniment contains medicament possessing analgesic action, rubefacient, and counter-irritant properties and is applied in joint pain, muscle pain, etc. 


Storage: Stored in a tightly closed container. 

Formulation: Turpentine liniment 

Soft soap – 9 gm 

Camphor – 5 gm 

Turpentine oil – 65 ml 

Purified water - q.s. to 100 ml 

Note: Rubefacient: Dilates blood vessels. 

Counter irritant: Causes superficial inflammation to cure deep inflammation.

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